In 1999, breeders brought a new remontant raspberry variety, featuring unpretentious, high quality indicators, ease of care. Malina Hussar was immediately noticed by gardeners and gardeners thanks to her exceptional, at that time, qualities. Below are described its characteristics, recommendations for care, planting, reproduction.
Description varieties Gusar
Raspberry variety Hussar grows strong, tall shrub, up to 1.8 m high, although some individuals can reach 2.5 m. The branches are straight, there are few thorns, they are located only in the lower part of the branch. On the shoots there is a wax coating, which is a protective layer for the branches from moisture loss, exposure to pests, diseases. Below shoots have a brown color, green above. There should be no pubescence. Leaves wrinkled, medium size, dark green.
The berry of the Hussar variety is large, elongated, with a blunt tip. Average weight 4g
One of the positive qualities is that the root system is small. 8-10 siblings depart from the main rhizome, and therefore raspberries will not grow all over the site - it grows compactly, isolated.
The berry of the Hussar variety is large (although it may shrink by the end of the season), elongated, with a blunt tip. The average weight is 4 g. After full maturity, it acquires a ruby color. The pulp of raspberry is dense, it keeps firmly on the bushes, does not fall for a long time, even when over-singing. Rot does not give in, when collecting does not crumble, retains its shape - transportable.
Harvest use is universal. The taste of berries is sweet-sour, dessert, there is a rich raspberry flavor. The sugar content is 7-10%, vitamins - 35-37%. The first raspberry is usually eaten fresh, and the subsequent harvest is processed into jams, preserves, and compotes.
Raspberry cultivars Gusar are grown in the middle and southern regions even with low precipitation. Observed resistance to most diseases affecting raspberries. It is not afraid of frosts, it can be planted before winter. High performance bush lasts up to 20 years.
Maturing dates are medium early. Productivity from a bush in good weather conditions reaches 3-6 kg. The main crop is harvested before the onset of autumn, but because most of the raspberries has excellent taste. The berries collected in the fall may not have summer sweetness, due to lack of sun, heat, and frequent rainfall, but they are also useful, they are just more often used for processing than for fresh consumption.
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When cultivating raspberries Hussar, some difficulties may arise, but in addition the variety itself has several negative qualities.
Bushes are tall and powerful, they need a lot of space.
- Bushes are tall and powerful - they need a lot of space.
- In the absence of garter complicates the process of picking berries. Some are too low, they are not visible, the branches lowered under the weight hide most of the crop. In addition, sunlight cannot break through the leaves of the inclined pagons, which can make the taste of the lower berries sour.
- By frost, the plant is stable, but thaws can completely destroy the root system.
It is also worth noting that the raspberry Hussar is inferior to some modern varieties and raspberry hybrids in terms of yield, size of berries and other indicators. Although lovers of this species still prefer it, at least for reasons of reliability.
How to breed Hussar?
Propagate the breed Hussar cuttings. To do this, take the young shoots and cut so that the length of each reaches 10-25 cm. On each handle should be about 3-5 buds. The collected cuttings are tied together, then processed with "Korneov" and dipped into a nutrient medium (a mixture of soil, humus and peat).
Propagate the breed Hussar cuttings. On each handle should be about 3-5 buds
From time to time the soil is moistened and after about 2-3 weeks roots will appear in the cuttings. And after 10 days they can be transplanted to a permanent place.
You can buy cuttings or bushes only in proven stores, but it is better in nurseries, where the buyer can provide documents confirming that a particular bush, the cutting really belongs to the Hussar variety.
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A place for planting can be any - raspberry varieties Gusar is not picky in terms of soil, climate, the only important condition is good illumination. In the shade the berries will be sour, and the branches grow thin.
Planting raspberries Hussars can be done in early spring, before buds bloom or in autumn, from early September to mid-October. In mid-latitudes, it is important to plant in early September, so that the plant has time to settle down before the first frost, and in the south it can be later in October.
Planted raspberry bushes need at a distance of 0.8-1 m from each other. Aisle do in width 1-1,5 meters
Planted raspberry bushes need at a distance of 0.8-1 m from each other. Row spacing is done in a width of 1-1.5 meters. Planting pits for medium shoots make 40x40x50 cm. One third of the compost buckets can be put in each hole. It is impossible to deepen sprouts strongly, otherwise the roots will rot. After landing, the ground part is cut to 20 cm from the ground. Each bush is abundantly watered with water (a bucket for 2-3 bush).
The first fruiting can be observed about a year after planting, but the time can be approximated by planting the plant in the fall, not in the spring.
How to care for higher yields?
A competent approach to care can provide abundant fruiting from year to year. So, that requires raspberry hussar for good development.
A competent approach to care can provide abundant fruiting from year to year.
- Regular watering is necessary during the formation of shoots and fruits, especially if the summer is dry. This is the only way to achieve high yields.
- Not all gardeners are engaged in raspberry garter and, in principle, this is an optional procedure, but it is highly recommended for purely convenience. Garter, or rather a stable support with a garter, will allow you to easily move between bushes, process them, weed without great effort. In this case, the harvest is facilitated, the twigs do not fall to the ground under the weight of the crop.
- If the garter is not carried out, the bushes, when they reach 1.5 meters, are pruned to a comfortable height (1 meter). They will also bear fruit, but they will not interfere with the gathering and ripening of berries with their tall shoots with abundant foliage.
- The annual pruning, which implies the renewal of the bush, the destruction of bad and dry pagons, is carried out in the spring, when the buds bloom, new pagons will begin to form in the autumn, after the final harvest.
- To protect the root system from freezing during the thaw period, the ground for the winter is always mulched with a thick layer of peat, hay, sawdust, or any other similar material. Mulch not only saves the earth from the cold, but also keeps moisture in it, so it is also important to mulch the earth in spring, summer and autumn.
- From time to time it is necessary to process the bushes with special pest control products (stem fly, raspberry beetle, shoots gall midge) and diseases.
The first raspberry berries of the Gusar variety ripen by the beginning of July, but their collection can be delayed for the whole month and even the beginning of August. The second fruiting is in the first months of September. It is important to note that although the variety is remontant, in the middle regions with early frosts, the second fruiting, autumn, may not occur.