Growing black currants in Siberia is not difficult. It quickly grows and develops, despite the low temperatures and the shortened gardening season, but only if you choose the right grade. The best grades of currant for Siberia, their quality characteristics will be discussed below in the article.
What is the feature of black currant?
Useful properties of black currant is difficult to overestimate. It is really very healing, contains vitamins C, PP, E, K, A, as well as pectins, tannins, iron, zinc, magnesium, potassium and a lot of other minerals.
Useful properties of black currant can not be overestimated
The peculiarity of the plant is that not only its berries, but also the leaves have useful and even healing properties. They are often brewed as tea, used as lotions, for making infusions. That is why culture is so popular. Currant varieties are grown in cold Siberia and in warmer regions around the world.
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Weather conditions in Siberia differ depending on the specific region. There are Western, Eastern and Northern Siberia, each with different climatic conditions. For example, it is warmer in Western Siberia - in summer the temperature can reach +35 degrees, but in the Northern region it rarely exceeds the mark of +10 degrees. In the climate of the Eastern region there is another feature - possible polar nights, which do not very well affect some plants.
In other words, the choice of a currant variety for Siberia should be based precisely on its climatic characteristics. So, what qualities should a currant have for its successful cultivation in cold terrain?
- Resistance to sudden temperature changes, which are observed primarily in the Northern and Eastern parts of Siberia.
- Frost resistance. The lower the temperature can withstand the bush, the better for the gardener. Ideally, -30 ... -40 degrees, but unfortunately there are very few such varieties.
- Successful growth even with a short light day. As indicated, the sun in Eastern Siberia may not appear until 24 hours and this is quite normal for local crops, but not for all varieties of currants!
That's basically it. Resistance to strong winds is also desirable, but wind protection can, as a last resort, be constructed independently.
The best varieties for Siberia
If you choose the currant variety for cultivation in Siberia correctly, you can provide your family with vitamins for the whole year, as well as sell the extra crop on the market.
The best grades of currant for Siberia
- "Black Pearl" - mid-season variety. It has beautiful, medium bushes with a small number of leaves. The berries are rich black in color, weighing up to 1.5 g. The yield is very high and can reach 5 kg, but this requires timely treatment from pests and diseases. Maintains frosts to-30 degrees.
- "Vigorous" - Late variety of currants from Siberia, which can withstand frosts down to -30 degrees. Berries have 7-8 grams. They ripen in mid-July, the entire crop (up to 4 kg from a bush) is harvested before the first frost. Among the shortcomings, it is worth noting that the bush does not reproduce well and also requires good care.
- "Selechenskaya 2" - disease resistant, early variety of currants. Bushes sredneroslye, to 1.5 meters, with erect pagonami. Carries out frosts to-32 degrees. Productivity reaches 4 kg with the weight of one berry in 4-6 grams. The taste is sweet, the sugar content in 100 grams is 7%, and the acid is 2.2%.
- "Bagheera" - middle currant. It gives small berries up to 1.5 g, but in abundance, it is possible to gather 3-4.5 kg of fruits from a bush in one season. The berries are tasty, high in vitamin C. The fruits are dense, the skin is rather thick, so the variety is often grown to sell berries.
The best varieties for Siberia
- "Gross" - Early currant, able to withstand frosts down to -35 degrees. The variety is very popular in Siberia. The yield of 3.5 kg, the weight of each currant to 2.5 grams, there is a strong immunity to fungal and bactericidal diseases. Transportability is good due to the density of the berries.
- Raisin designed for growing in any cold regions. Frost resistance reaches -29 degrees. If we take into account that the bushes are richly covered with snow in winter, this is quite enough. The yield of 3.5 kg, the weight of each berry is small - 2-3 grams. Early maturity, there is resistance to diseases that are characteristic of currants.
- "Pygmy" - mid-season variety that can withstand temperatures as low as -32 degrees. Transportability is good due to the dense, black skin. The taste is good, children like it, the crop is consumed fresh or preserved. The berries are quite large, can reach a mass of 5 grams.
- "Riddle" - An interesting middle-early type of currant variety for Siberia. Maintains frosts to-26… -30 degrees. The average weight of a berry is 2 grams, the yield per bush can reach 3 kg under good growing conditions. Transportability is good, taste, too, berry is sweet, universal use. The only disadvantage is the instability to diseases and pests.
- "Pearl" was bred in Siberia, so the best currant of this variety is bearing fruit in this region. It has very large berries up to 6 grams each, sweet, juicy, suitable for fresh consumption and processing. The yield reaches 2.8 kg per currant bush. Maintains frosts to -39 degrees Celsius!
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