Guinea fowls are rarely bred in the compound, although increasingly poultry lovers are turning their attention to this interesting individual. Guinea fowls give healthy meat, eggs, and also are an excellent decoration of the yard. But in order for their breeding business to be profitable, it is worth knowing how to distinguish a male from a female - these are the basics with which every breeder should be familiar. How to distinguish the male from the female guinea fowl will be described below in the article.
Why be able to distinguish between males and females?
Do I need to be able to determine the sexes of hens? After all, the main thing is to feed the birds correctly and keep them in normal conditions! However, if the breeder doesn’t know for sure how many females and male guinea fowls he has, how will he control his productivity?
So, for example, a lack of eggs may not be the cause of bad conditions or illnesses, but simply a lack of females. Yes, there can be many birds (20-30 in the house), but if only 3 of them are females, then they will never give many eggs. But it's not only that. Why does a breeder know the sex of a guinea fowl?
Lack of eggs may not be the cause of poor conditions or diseases, but simply the lack of females
- It is possible to control productivity (so that it was stated above).
- It is possible to control the number of birds. All extra males or unproductive females can be allowed to slaughter.
- A breeder can significantly increase the productivity of birds. It is known that the best guinea fowl rush when there are 5 females per one male.
Well and, besides, it is always pleasant to get what I am sure of. The markets are often deceived, trying to sell guinea fowls faster. Sellers rarely think about the sex of the bird, and more about profit, so each buyer must independently select chicks of the same sex as he needs. But how to distinguish the male from the female guinea fowl?
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The first thing that catches your eye when you see a guinea fowl is its appearance. There are several differences between males and females of guinea fowls on physical grounds.
Differences of males and females of guinea fowls on physical grounds
- Weight. Usually males are larger than females, this is common to most species of poultry, but not in the case of guinea fowls. Caesars are usually smaller than guinea fowls by about 15-20%. And it is easy to see if you put a number of two species of opposite sexes. This feature is inherent in all breeds of guinea fowls, but sometimes it can be expressed stronger or weaker. However, differences in weight appear only after 5 months of bird life, and before that they have about the same body weight.
- The comb in males is slightly different, but it should be noted that these differences can be difficult for a novice to notice. It is slightly larger than that of the female, has a slightly bent back position and is raised at the base of the head. So it is possible to distinguish a male from a female guinea fowl along the ridge, if you get the hand.
- Beak. Distinguish between males and females of guinea fowls can be and by beak. In females it is smaller, more elegant, neat, the nostrils do not puff up, the color of the beak is uniform. The tuberosity at the base of the beak is almost absent - the beak smoothly passes into the head. In males, the beak starts to grow and stand out from 4-5 months. The color is very bright, the nostrils are large, the outgrowths of the skin around the beak are large and visible, they protrude forward, forming tubercles.
- Earrings. The shape and color of the earrings of males and females of guinea fowl are different. The earrings of the females are neat and beautiful, the color is calm, red, pink or orange, but not saturated. In males, earrings stand out to the sides and strongly resemble a mustache - this is an element of the power of the bird, of its fighting spirit. The color is always bright, noticeable from afar. This difference is inherent only in young individuals, since with age the color of earrings can dull, and they sag slightly both in males and females.
What distinguishes the voices of males and females of guinea fowls?
In addition to external features, guinea fowls from cesars can be distinguished by voice. Often, before distinguishing a male from a female guinea fowl on external or genital grounds, breeders simply listen to them. Unlike many types of poultry, guinea fowls do not scream and do not make fierce sounds like geese, chickens or ducks. They just "sing" and always in a pleasant, melodious voice. But in males and females it is different.
In addition to external features, guinea fowls from cesars can be distinguished by voice.
Males usually sing for a long time and a characteristic crash is heard in their voice. In females there is no cod, but simply a subtle, melodious ringing of a voice. From the first time it is difficult to distinguish, especially if you listen to a whole tribe, but over time the difference becomes obvious. True difference in voice is observed only in young and adult individuals, and in small chicks it is not audible.
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If you need to buy small individuals, you should carefully consider the purchase, so that the tribe does not have more than the czars need. The problem is that it is very difficult to distinguish the male from the female guinea fowl, when the bird has not even turned a month yet. In any case, the behavior and external features will not help here. It is realistic to do this only by examining the genitals of the chicks. So, how to distinguish a male from a female guinea fowl by primary sexual characteristics?
- The first thing to do is to take and calm the chick. If he is afraid, he will shrink and the process will bring him pain or injury. In order to reassure you need to stroke the guinea on the back.
Distinction of guinea fowls by primary sex
- After the bird has calmed down, it must be turned upside down so that the cesspool is in the light. Now you need to stretch the cloaca with one hand and hold the bird with the second. All movements should be smooth, so that the cesarque would not hurt, and in order not to injure her.
- Now it remains only to consider the genitals. The male's penis is pronounced bright and much better than those of the same chickens or ducklings. Looks like a delicate pink bump protruding from the cloaca. The loop of the female has the same color, but there is no tubercle as such. In order to better understand the difference between the genitalia of the hens it is worthwhile to examine the representatives of both sexes.
It is important to note that the procedure should be carried out only with gloves and hands washed. If it is difficult to cope on your own, it is worthwhile to call assistants.
Does the behavior of females and male guinea fowl differ?
In addition to the methods listed above, one can distinguish a male from a female guinea fowl by behavior. The first difference in the position of the head. When walking, females always keep their heads directly above the body, and the males push it forward, slightly pulling the neck. If you watch the birds a little while walking, it will become obvious and immediately begin to catch the eye. However, this behavior is inherent only in adults.
The second way to distinguish the male from the female guinea fowl is all in the same habits, namely gait
The second way to distinguish the male from the female guinea fowl is all in the same habits, namely gait. Caesars always stand out for their haughty temper, movement, they are drawn before guinea fowls, fluff up the tail, lift it up. This is a kind of marriage ritual, only manifested in everyday behavior. The females do not need it, they are always relaxed, calm, behave modestly, the tail is never raised.