In 1958, the pear Vidnaya or Lumpy, as it is sometimes called by the people, was bred. The authors of this species were breeders Yu. A. Petrov and N. V. Efimova. Gardeners consider the variety reliable, time-tested and worthy to grow in the backyard area. Due to the high yield and taste of fruits, the variety is prominent in many countries of Asia and Europe and belongs to the elite group.
Description of the pear variety Prominent
The variety of pears prominent - very interesting. The tree can grow more than 5 meters! Crohn first sprawling, but then, for 4-5 year becomes pyramidal. The main branches are powerful. The crown thickening is average. The color of the adult branches is light brown, and the young ones are dark brown. The leaves are green, some dark green. The surface of the sheet is smooth, serrated edges. Flowers bloom towards the end of spring.
Important! One of the advantages of the variety is that the flowers on the tree bloom after the completion of the return frost.
The pears are large, they can reach a mass of 200 g, but the average fruit weight is 160 g. The fruit shape is elongated with an uneven surface - ribs, mounds, from which the second name - Lumpy. The rind is dense, pleasant, yellow-green in color, and after full maturation it acquires an amber shade and orange tan on the sunny side. The flesh is dense in texture, oily, juicy, cream-colored. Grain variety is not inherent.
Pear Visible photo
The taste is sweet with a slight sourness, which is more beautiful than spoils the impression. Tasting score of 4.7 points out of 5 possible. Aroma pronounced, nutmeg.
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Like any other variety of pear, prominent has its own unique characteristics.
Fruits regularly, without breaks. The first fruits appear only at 4-5 years after planting.
Vidnaya Pear belongs to the group of self-growing varieties - pollinating trees are not needed. But if you need to get very big yields, you can plant such varieties as "Autumn Yakovlev" and "Rogneda" near.
Pear has excellent product quality. The fruits are beautiful, neat, even if the shape is uneven, the color is uniform, "healthy", and even the aroma is bright, pleasant!
Transportability is not bad, but pears need to be picked for a long-term transportation in the stage of technical, rather than consumer maturity, otherwise they can be washed on the road - yet this is a juicy variety.
There is immunity to many diseases, which greatly simplifies the care of the tree.
The variety is frost resistant and is not afraid of drought.
Vidnaya Pear belongs to the group of self-fruiting varieties
Important! Although there are many positive qualities in a variety, most gardeners complain that because of the height of a pear, it is sometimes impossible to harvest and prune.
40-60 kg of pears are harvested from each tree per season. Per hectare is an average of 100 quintals.
After ripening, pears can hang on the tree for about 3-4 weeks, without spoiling, they just become softer. They do not fall, however, wasps can start eating them. If you do not harvest a very long time, pears begin to rot right on the tree.
The harvest harvested literally before our eyes. Even in the refrigerator ripe fruit can be stored no more than 7 days!
Use is universal. The variety is very tasty fresh, suitable for cooking a variety of dishes, preservation (jams, jams, compotes, juices, etc.). Some gardeners make homemade wine from the harvest.
For planting, seedlings are usually purchased in nurseries or specialty stores, which can document the seedling variety. A prominent pear is not choosy in terms of soil type, and yet such a tree grows better and faster in loam or sandy loams.
Mulching pristvolnogo circle photo
Important! The pit should be prepared in advance. This reduces the risk of deepening the radical neck of the tree, which should be located on the surface of the earth.
If the planting is carried out in the spring, the pit is prepared in the fall, and if in the fall - in 3 weeks. It delves in the size of 50x50x50 cm on average, sometimes even deeper or wider, depending on the size of the seedling. Fertile land is prepared for planting from garden soil, humus. Traditionally, a little drainage is laid at the bottom of the pit, then fertile, prepared soil.
When 3 weeks or more has passed, you can start planting. A seedling is installed in the pit and covered with earth. It is important to keep track of where the neck of the tree is, so as not to deepen it accidentally. After landing, the ground is compacted and watered with 2 buckets of warm water.
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Care for pear varieties Prominent standard and includes all those procedures that are known even to a young, novice gardener.
In the first year after planting, watering is carried out weekly for the seedling to take root. From the second year it is possible to water every 2-3 weeks or less, because the root system of the tree begins to develop and independently extract water from the deeper layers of the earth.
Sprinkling can only harm during the flowering period, the rest of the time it is even useful for the tree.
Important! You can not plant a pear of the variety visible near the mountain ash. These crops have similar diseases and pests, so they will often hurt, and yields will decrease markedly.
Pruning pears, despite the average thickening of the crown is carried out annually. In the first 3-4 years you need to form a crown, so that it is not very sprawling. Then, it is important to control the growth of pagons, thin out, and also conduct annual sanitary pruning.
Special photo trimming techniques
Feeding is carried out with irrigation or after rain - so that the earth is wet, but not earlier than 3 years after planting! In the spring, if necessary, make nitrogen fertilizers. During the period of budding, tree ash, herbal infusions or universal mineral complexes are poured into the tree trunk. After harvesting, the tree is fed with humus with potash-phosphorus mineral fertilizers. If the earth is acidic, lime is also poured in after fertilizing.
Extra root dressings are permissible, but during the flowering period they are completely excluded! As a rule, a simple ash solution is prepared for such a fertilizer. It is not only a nutritional supplement, but also protects the tree from pests and diseases.
In early spring and in winter, skeletal branches and the trunk of a pear are visible to protect from pests and diseases.
Mulching can be carried out in the winter to protect the root system or in the summer, during a drought. The mulch is laid out in a layer of 15–20 cm in a circle, but in such a way that it does not touch the tree trunk itself, especially if compost or humus is used!
If the tree is sick or pests appear on it, it is recommended to use fungicides and insecticides for spraying. Common, effective drugs include Aktara, Decis Profi, Konfidor Maxi, Horus, Topaz, Angio, Skor, Calypso, Karate Zeon, Champion, "Lufox", "Median Extra".
Harvesting and storage
The first pear harvest is visible ripening around mid-August. Pears ripen unevenly, so they are harvested several times. In order for the harvest to be of high quality, pears are taken from the tree in a certain way. To begin with, the ripened crop is harvested from the sunny side, and those pears that ripen from the darkened part of the tree are left to ripen longer to fill with sweetness.
Harvest Pears Photo
It is not recommended to remove the entire ripened crop immediately, if it is not being processed or sold. The reason is that the pear is not stored very well, it quickly becomes mealy, the presentation may deteriorate, damaged fruit make juice - in general, nothing good.
Reviews on variety of pears visible
Pear Seeing like gardeners, so it is not surprising that the tree is very often found on private farmsteads and in gardens. Sometimes it is grown on an industrial scale, as well as on large farms, where the harvest is for sale.
Pear jam photo
Anatoly Volkov: "Prominent is a very good variety. It tastes like southern pears - sweet, juicy, fragrant, and despite the fact that I grow a tree in the Moscow region. In care, it is not capricious, it rarely hurts. My family has only one problem with it - what to do harvest ?! "
Zoya Guz: “I have grown a variety of pears for more than 15 years. Most of the fruits go on sale - they are bought very quickly. The remaining pears go for canning and are eaten fresh. The family is big, so pears do not lie down for a long time, although, in fairness, it’s worth saying that there is a lot of waste each year due to the fact that the harvest is deteriorating rapidly.
Vladimir Reshetnyak: “I planted a pear of this variety 5 years ago. Last year I gathered the first harvest. The pears were quite large, up to 200 g, beautiful, but what is interesting is that the taste was different. Those that are sunny and south are sweet, juicy, and those from the north are sour and have astringency. But on the whole, satisfied. "