Laura grapes are known for winegrowers for their rich sweet taste and high yield. It is ideal for sale, but to get large, beautiful bunches, you must be able to care for him. Growing this variety is not for beginners. The grapes need not only proper planting, but also regular supervision, watering, fertilization and many other procedures.
Description of grapes varieties Laura
Laura is a grape variety bred by crossing different grape species. Early culture, the ripening of grapes occurs on average for 120 days. Bushes are average in height, while they grow very quickly. The first harvest can be harvested for 2-3 years after planting. Bushes with a female type of flowering. To give grapes a lot of harvest, you need pollination. Lobed leaflets with fine teeth along the edge.
Berries large 8-10 g, when biting a characteristic crunch, the taste is sweet
Clusters of conical shape, approximately the same size. When the yield is normalized, they grow up to 1 kg in weight and about 40 cm long. The berries in the Laura grape variety are large, 8-10 g each, with a waxy coating. Color is light green, with a yellow blush on the sunny side. When biting there is a characteristic crunch. The taste is sweet, only mild acidity is possible. Muscat flavor.Interesting! If the bush is a little bunch of grapes, they grow very large, sweet and ripen in a shorter period. Because of this, before the winter, new clusters may appear, and this is too much load on the bush - it will quickly deplete.
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The positive and negative aspects of Laura grapes can be found by examining the characteristics of the variety.
Productivity is high, but not stable
- Grape ovaries are usually very large if the bush is pollinated. Therefore, it is necessary to standardize the yield annually. On an adult, developed bush up to 50 bunches are left, not more.
- Clusters are securely held on the vine and do not fall down until frost.
- When harvesting grapes, berries are not showered, because they are securely attached to the stalk.
- The taste is sweet, rich. The sugar content is 20%.
- The variety has good immunity, almost never affected by such ailments as white and gray rot. But he has no protection against oidium.
- Resistance to frost down to -26 degrees Celsius.
- If the vineyard is not properly shaped, the berries will grow small.
- The yield is high, but not stable. In one year there can be many clusters, in the other - few, it is difficult to predict.
Resistance to frost down to -26 degrees CelsiusInteresting! With one Lora bush you can get up to 40 kg of crop per year, with proper cultivation!
Reproduction of grapes
Lora grapes are propagated by cuttings or saplings. To get the seedling Laura grapes, you can use different methods.
- Vine bush bends to the ground and sprinkled with soil at a depth of about 20 cm. When the seedling goes into growth, the bush is cut off from the parent plant and transplanted.
- A bag with moistened peat is tied to a sprout so that the vine is in peat. After the vine has taken root, you need to cut the seedling from the grapes and plant it separately.
Lora propagated by cuttings or saplings
For propagation by grafting, you need to select some of the most beautiful, strong shoots, cut them off and place in a cool place for several days. After that, the cuttings are placed in a warm room, kept for 3-4 hours at room temperature. When the cuttings are warm, they are placed in warm water for an hour. After an hour, you need to cut one end of the cutting at an angle at a distance of 1 cm from the lower eye.
If you need to get from the cutting bush, then it is planted in a nutrient solution. If it is necessary to carry out an inoculation, the cutting is first dipped into the “Humate” solution, and then inoculated. All places of cuts, joints must be treated with garden pitch so that the plant does not hit the disease.
Planting grapes LauraWe recommend reading our other articles.
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To plant the Lora grape variety only on a sunny plot
To plant the Lora grape variety only on a sunny plot where the groundwater lies deep. It is desirable that the side of the site was southern, especially if the grapes are planted on the slope, and not on the plain. The land is suitable light, sandy, loamy, but not heavy! Natural or artificial protection from the wind will not be superfluous, but it should not obscure the bushes.
Grapes are always planted in the hole, at a distance of 1.5 meters from each other. Between the rows it is better to do a distance of 2 meters, so that it is convenient to move around in the vineyard. The pits are dug to a depth of 2 times the height of the roots. Fifteen days before planting, fertilizers (phosphorus-potash) are fertilized in them, if the land is depleted. Fertilizer wells are watered every 3-4 days so that the fertilizer infiltrates the soil. Nitrogen fertilizers are applied immediately before planting seedlings.Important! Crop culture depends on weather conditions. If the summer was rainy, the taste and quality of the berries will be low. If it was sunny during the warm period, the harvest will be sweet and rich.
After planting, the ground is watered and compacted.
A day before planting, the Laura grape seedlings are placed in water so that the roots are saturated with water. The next day you can land. Sometimes gardeners trim the tips of the roots to stimulate their growth, but this does not have to be done. Plant a seedling at an angle. The roots need to be straightened so that they do not refract, and then they are covered with earth. After planting, the ground is watered and compacted. If over time the soil subsides, it will be necessary to fill the ground.
Features care culture
It cannot be said that Laura’s growing of grapes is very laborious, but it’s not easy to call it. This crop gives great yields only if the conditions of cultivation, care, meet the basic requirements.
- Watering is preferably carried out under a bush. To do this, make ditches around the bushes, at a distance of 50 cm, and pour water into them. Watering is carried out regularly, but in wet weather and at high humidity they should be stopped.
- It is desirable to carry out mulching so that moisture from the ground evaporates more slowly. Plus, properly selected mulch is an excellent feed for the soil.
Already in the second year you need to start shaping the vine
- Top dressings are carried out annually, nitrogenous, phosphoric and potassium, with other minerals. When using mineral fertilizers, fertilizing is carried out about once every 2-3 months, and if organic materials are used, then usually 1-2 supplements are sufficient for the entire growing season.
- During the ripening of the crop, it is necessary to pick those leaves that shade the grapes from the sun. If you do not, the grapes will ripen for a long time, the berries may sour.
- Crop varieties Laura in the first year is not carried out. But in the second year you need to start shaping the vine. Always removed the old vine, sick, damaged. Young pagons need to be rationed, otherwise the bush will not have the strength to develop clusters.
- For the winter, the bush is covered only if the temperature can drop dramatically. In principle, this grape is not afraid of cold to -26 degrees. But if the temperatures are much lower, then it is important to warm the root zone with mulch at 25-30 cm, and the bush itself to bend down to the ground and cover with insulating material (hay, sawdust, lapnik, sacking, agrofibre).
During transportation, the berries practically do not deteriorate, so the variety is suitable for sale.
Harvesting is carried out as the crop ripens, but the vine clusters are kept well, so if there is no time for processing, it is better to leave it on the branches for a while. Laura grapes are often used for fresh consumption and for the manufacture of sweet dessert wine. After removing the bunch from the bush, they are kept quite well, the berries are practically not spoiled during transportation, therefore the variety is suitable for sale.
Diseases and pests of grapes
Laura grapes are resistant to many diseases and yet oidium is a great danger for them. Against this disease it is necessary to fight even before its appearance with preventive spraying. A solution of potassium permanganate and sulfur is suitable for prophylaxis, but if the oidium has already hit the bushes, it is necessary to fight it with chemical, biological preparations. The best options are: "Alirin-B", "Skor", "Vitaplan", "Bayzaphone", "Topaz", "Abigak-Peak". Against other diseases, prophylactic treatments are carried out 1-2 times a year by means of iron sulphate, Bordeaux mixture.
If the oidium has already struck the grapes, spraying with chemical, biological preparations is necessary.
The main pest of grapes Laura - wasps. The berries are very sweet, so the wasps are constantly flocking them. For 1-2 days on a beautiful, large cluster can not remain a single whole berries, if you do not fight with wasps. To prevent insect bunches from spoiling, it is necessary to put each brush in special protective bags. You can also set bait, traps or scarers for wasps.
Insects such as weevil, leafworm, flea beetles, thrips, mites, goldfish, and others can also do much harm to the vineyard. The insecticides Vermitec, Proclaime, Aktara and the like are used against them. Rodents like mice also often damage the vine of this plant. To avoid their appearance, you can lay out pieces of burnt felt or wool next to the bushes; they scare away rodents.
Reviews of grape varieties Laura
Reviews of grapes varieties Laura found both positive and negative.
- Elena Tkachenko: "Laura's harvest is always good. Clusters are uniform, very beautiful, large. Big, small berries are almost never found. The taste is sweet, you need what you need for food, but you have not tried to process, but they say that this wine is good for wine. Care the same as for other varieties, without any difficulties. I recommend testing it to everyone! If you already had experience in growing grapes, then there will be no problems. "
- Gennady Pashchenko: “In my garden, the Laura grape variety has been growing for several years. The grapes themselves are very tasty, large clusters are growing. The crop is good for food and for sale, although the skin is thin, the road doesn’t crack or crease. But unfortunately the wasps , literally destroying the entire crop in a matter of days. I don’t already know what to fight! Only because of this I think about re-vaccination. "
- Alina Shmakova: “Laura grapes were planted because they tasted with friends and they really liked the taste. The clusters grow 750 g large on average. The berries are large, juicy, sweet, without acid. Our vineyard occupies the sunniest place on the site. We fertilize with minerals, 3- 4 times a year, we do pruning every year, we ration the crop. We use bags from otas, repellers, but they do not always help - this is the main problem that is not easy to cope with. So the variety is excellent, but you need to know how to work with it, otherwise the crop bad. "