Chickens Rhode Island is a breed bred by American breeders. Initially, it had a meat-egg direction, but later it began to be bred as a decorative bird. To date, chickens of this species have reduced productivity, but have not lost their popularity. With proper care, feeding, these birds are pleased not only by high egg production, but also by the pleasant taste of meat.
The breeding of the Rhode Island chickens began in 1830 in the village of Adamsville, near the town of Little Compton. To obtain a new, meat-egg type, females were used: Brown Leggornov, Viandotov, Palevy Kohinkhinov, Cornish. The producer chose a black and red Malay rooster, originally from England.
Representatives of this species were brought to Russia only in 1926.
The breed was originally named Red Rhode Island; in 1880, Nathaniel Aldrich, a poultry farmer from Massachusetts, suggested a different name, Golf Buff, also often referred to as Chicken Tripp and Chicken John Macomber. But in 1895 at the exhibition these chickens were presented under the name "Rhode Island Red".
Officially, the breed was recognized in 1905. After that, they came to Europe and quickly spread to different countries. In those days, Rhode Island was the best universal breed. Representatives of this species were brought to Russia only in 1926.
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Chickens of the genus Island have a rectangular body. The weight of an adult rooster can reach up to 4 kg, and hens - 3 kg, however, most often males weigh about 2.5 kg, and females are 500 g less. The back is even, the chest is convex, the stomach is voluminous. The wings are small, pressed to the body. Legs are long, yellow. The tail of the roosters is short, but lush, located at an angle. Kositsy short. The tail of the hens is small and stands almost vertically.
The neck is of medium length, the eyes are red-brown, the face, ear lobes and earrings are red.Important! The Rhode Island chickens do not like crush. They need a big chicken coop and an open-air cage.
The neck is of medium length. The head is small, the comb is single, red, but sometimes individuals with pink scallops are caught. The eyes are red-brown. Bill is yellow-brown, medium in length. Face, earlobes and earrings - red.
Rhode Island Chickens owe their beautiful, dense plumage to the Malay ancestor. Feather red-brown, dark. There are also individuals with a lighter color, and even beige individuals.
Efficiency of Rhode Island chickens
The characteristics of Rhode Island chickens have both advantages and disadvantages, which are important to study before acquiring a breed.
- Egg laying hens - 160-170 pieces / year. The old type of Rhode Island chickens, which is not very common today, produce 200-300 eggs / year.
Egg laying hens - 160-170 pcs per year
- The mass of eggs is 50-65 g, the shell is durable, brown in color.
- It is beneficial to breed chickens and roosters for meat. The meat of the breed is tasty, juicy.
- Maternal qualities are poorly developed, so it is better to breed the breed in an incubator.
- The hatchability of young stock in an incubator is 75%.
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In addition to the main species, there are 2 more species - White Rhode Island and Dwarf type.
White Rhode Island Hens
Photo of white smokers Rhode Island
This breed was bred in the same area as the red bird, but its selection was only started in 1888. Registered species in 1922. These chickens are considered a completely different breed, but the individuals are very similar. For the most part, they differ only in appearance - they are white. Their productivity is the same.
Photo of Dwarf Smoker Rhode Island
Dwarf chickens are both red and white. They were bred in Germany and are similar in characteristics to the Red Rhode Island. The weight of females - 0.8-1 kg, male - 1.2 kg. In a year, chickens give 120 eggs, weighing 40 g on average.
Maintenance and care
Only the outdoor method of keeping is used when breeding Rhode Island birds. For the cellular life of these birds are not adapted. At the same time, you need to be able to care for the breed in order to get maximum productivity from it.
- In the house, perches are established for all individuals. Be sure to make and nests for females. There are 3-4 chickens per one nest.
- The litter is made from hay, straw (chopped) or sawdust. Every 2-3 months you need to change it. It does not hurt to turn it over from time to time.
- Windows are made in the hen house, and lighting is also provided. It will be needed in winter to increase daylight hours.
- Birds endure cold to -10 degrees Celsius. At the same time inside the house should be at least 15 degrees in winter, otherwise the birds will be sick.
Only the outdoor method of keeping is used when breeding Rhode Island birds.
- In order for the birds to clean the feathers, a basin with sand and ash is placed in the hen house.
- Aviary for walking is done necessarily. Rhode Island is not only very fond of walking, but can also get their own food, so daily walks will significantly reduce feed costs. On the platform for walking the shelter from a bad weather becomes, cereal and field cultures land. On walking birds can be released not only in the warm season, but also in winter, if the temperature outside is not below -10 degrees.
How to feed the Rhode Island chickens
Adult Rhode Island chickens can be fed as grain mixtures, green and vegetable mixers, and feed. From vegetables and root crops, these birds can be given potatoes, beets, carrots, pumpkins, zucchini, cucumbers, cabbage. Green foliage feeds on cultivated plants, onion feathers, useful herbs (dandelion, alfalfa, clover, nettle and the like). Cats, oats and barley, and sunflower seeds are mixed regularly in individuals for feeding.
In winter, it is useful to add premixes to feed.
In winter, it is useful to add premixes to food, but in addition to these birds it is important to consume small quantities of chalk, bone meal, sunflower meal, soybean meal. In a separate container, a crushed shell with gravel is poured in a hen house.Important! Rhode Island chickens love to eat fresh greens. If you let them walk around the site, they can literally destroy all garden crops!
Chickens should always have unhindered access to clean, fresh water, especially if they are fed with feed.
In order for the Rhode Island chickens to produce high-quality, fertilized eggs, there should be 10-12 females per rooster. Chickens do not like to sit on eggs. Only 50% of chickens are distinguished by care and patience when they hatch eggs. Because of this, the incubator is most often used for breeding.
One rooster should be 10-12 chickens
Eggs for incubation are selected without defects, whole, even, of the same size. Before laying them, it is desirable to check on the ovoskop. The temperature in the incubator is set at 37.6 degrees. After birth, already at the age of one day, females and males can be distinguished - the girls have a speck on their heads.
Chickens from birth give 3-5 days of boiled chopped egg, greens, cottage cheese, soft, steamed porridges. From a week old, you can transfer Rhode Island chickens to starter feed. In drinking troughs in young stock, water changes as often as possible so that they do not become infected through ill-treated fluids!Important! Males should consume more calories, but females high-calorie food is contraindicated in large quantities, otherwise they develop obesity and this adversely affects egg production, health, and meat quality.
Most often used for breeding incubator
Rhode Island Chicken Breed Reviews
Breed Rhode Island chickens bred in different countries around the world. But what is the opinion of these birds among farmers?
- Taisiya Voinich: "This is the first breed of chickens that I bred. Females rushed superbly, gave large, brown eggs. Meat tastes good, but if chickens slaughter after 3 years, the meat becomes harsh. I liked this breed and that the roosters are very beautiful , and females with a good, good-natured disposition. But now I do not breed them, because the Kuchinsky chickens are more productive. "
- Dmitry Ukhov: “Rhode Island is a very beautiful and productive breed of chickens. Birds are good-natured, easy to care. My wife really likes their appearance, and for me their best quality is moderate egg production. In addition, they incubate well in the incubator. So this I highly recommend the breed for novice farmers and poultry farmers with experience. "
- Viktor Alashkin: “The breed of chickens Rhode Island bred for many years, but then they got tired of their color, and the neighbors advised more productive Kuchinok and Adler chickens. So now I have three breeds in my hen house. I can say one thing about Rhode Island - they have very tasty eggs and they are unpretentious in feeding, so it is profitable to breed them in small quantities. "