Beekeeping

Breed Crested Ducks

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Crested ducks are not common in the farmsteads, however, it is one of the oldest species of domestic birds. They belong to the class of ornamental species and may even be of certain economic value. There are several varieties of crested ducks. Depending on the species, they may have certain external, qualitative differences.

History of crested ducks

To say with complete certainty when the crested ducks appeared is impossible. Scientists believe that such individuals appeared for the first time when the Chinese Crested and European poultry were crossed. For the first time, representatives of this species were introduced to Europe (Holland) from Southeast Asia about 3 hundred years ago.

Important! Egg crested ducks can reach 120 eggs / year, while wild crested breeds produce no more than 20 eggs per year.

For a long time, crested ducks were bred in Holland, which is why they are often also called “Dutch” ducks. In the 18th-19th centuries, crested hens began to spread throughout European countries. At the same time, new varieties of the crested type appeared.

Stock Foto Ukrainian Crested Duck

Ukrainian Crested Ducks

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Ukrainian crested birds are a species of crested duck, which, first of all, is distinguished by a large body weight - females of 3 kg each, males of 3.5 kg each. But the breed has some other features:

  • high egg production;
  • early maturity;
  • birds love to fly.

Among the shortcomings it can be noted that birds are prone to obesity, if given a lot of food. And if the bird starts to gain fat quickly, the taste of meat deteriorates.

Important! So that individuals of the Ukrainian breed do not fly far away, they need to cut feathers on the wings.

Build powerful. The neck is a bit twisted. Legs strong, put close. The head is almost round. The eyes are dark brown. The beak is small, raised type. The main color of the pen is white, brown or brownish gray. There is a scaly pattern on the chest, and on the wings, back and neck, the plumage is lighter with a pronounced horizontal stripe of contrasting color.

Russian crested duck

Stock Foto Russian crested duck

Russian crested hen from other species differs in some features:

  • high egg production throughout the whole year;
  • unpretentiousness;
  • developed maternal instinct;
  • peace loving, cleanliness;
  • individuals can live without a reservoir;
  • activity.

Among the drawbacks are low meat qualities.

Russian crested duck grows up to 2 kg on average. Males can grow up to 2.5 kg. The bird's body is sinewy, properly folded. The chest is protruded forward, the belly is lush, especially in females, there is no fold. The tail is wide, not long. Wings are crossed, long, tightly pressed to the body. The head is elongated, the head is not set high - the neck is short and curved. The eyes are dark brown. The plumage in ducks of this breed may be different (white, variegated, with dark stripes, etc.).

Bashkir Crested Breed

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Stock Foto Bashkir Crested Duck

This species of khukhlatok is different:

  • increased endurance;
  • high egg production;
  • unpretentiousness.

At the same time, the drawbacks are the fact that the Bashkir ducks can be kept only near water bodies, otherwise productivity decreases, the appearance and quality of the pen deteriorate.

Important! In terms of body weight, Bashkir crested ducks are inferior to the Ukrainian and Russian species. Because of this, they are less popular and are bred mainly by fans of this breed.

The build of a bird is strong, strong bones. Thorax bulged, covered with a soft, dense feather. Legs strong, set wide. The bird has beautiful, big wings. The neck is of medium length, rather thick. The color of a bird is of several types: white, black-brown, gray, gray, brown. The main feature of the form - bright drawings on the wings.

Crested blacken

Crested blacken

This breed is a wild species of crested duck. Features:

  • low productivity;
  • high decorative qualities;
  • birds love to fly;
  • low weight, males - 1.2 kg, females - 1.1 kg.

Externally, birds are quite different from species of other species. Build elongated, downed. Eyes are yellow. The plumage is dark all over the body, purple on the head, and on the sides there are white pockets. The tuft of this bird is large, the largest feathers hang from the back of the head.

Chinese Crested

Chinese crested hen on ancient Chinese engraving

This is a wild crested duck, which is also sometimes called the motley peg. It belongs to an endangered species. Its main features are plumage. The dark brown feathers on the back, while the stomach, sides, neck and cheeks are white in color. Thorax black and green. The bird is bright, beautiful, represents a high decorative value.

Important! The Chinese crested duck swims very well and eats mostly food from reservoirs.

Content of crested ducks

Crested ducks can also be kept in closed enclosures, but since this is a decorative bird, they are usually bred in spacious utyatniki, to which similar large enclosures with reservoirs adjoin.

Crested Ducks need water

  • Crested ducks do not like crowding. Per square meter should be no more than 4 individuals. If there are more than 15 ducks in the room, then it is desirable to divide it into sections with special partitions.
  • The room should be bright, with well-adjusted ventilation, several light bulbs for additional lighting in the winter. The most acceptable humidity for high productivity is 60-70%, temperature + 16 ... +20 degrees. In winter, it should not fall below +5 degrees Celsius.
  • The litter is made from hay, straw or sawdust, peat (can be combined). Change it as pollution.
  • Feeding troughs by quantity or length should be sufficient for all birds. Approximately 15 cm of feeding trough is taken away per adult.
  • Not all crested ducks need ponds, and yet it is desirable to provide the bird with access to water, or at least a large trough of water, so that birds can squish in it at will.

Breeding characteristics

Ducklings are born strong, with strong immunity.

Crested ducks begin to give eggs in 5-6 months. For the year, they can carry about 120 eggs, weighing 65-70 g. It is possible to breed this type of ducks either naturally or by means of an incubator. Chicks are born strong, with strong immunity. They grow very quickly, although the breeders say that young animals hinder development in the winter even with intensive feeding.

When breeding crested ducks, individuals are sometimes born without a tuft. In order for the breed not to lose the species characteristics, it is necessary to leave for breeding exclusively those individuals that have a crest, and reject the rest.

What to feed the crested ducks

For feeding of a crested bird a balanced ration is made. It must contain cereals, legumes, corn. It is advisable to add rapeseed or sunflower cake to bran, bran. Fresh mash is given about once a day. They are made up of chopped vegetables, greens, without fail. Yeast, meat and bone, fish meal, and salt are added to the feed of birds, at least in small quantities.

It is important! If you let the ducks float on the reservoirs, you can significantly reduce the cost of food, because during the day-walk you will not be able to feed the bird.

In order for the ducks to digest well in the stomach, it is necessary in a separate bowl for them to pour crushed shells, fine gravel, and ground egg shells. They eat this mixture as needed.

If individuals are not allowed to walk, you must give food 4 times a day. In the evening and in the morning give dry cereal mixtures, and in the afternoon - wet vegetable mash. If the bird walks during the day, then you can feed the ducks 2-3 times a day, because on the walk the birds find a lot of fresh food. In drinking bowls, water changes as often as possible so that it does not have time to run out or become dirty.

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